Chapter 4

Verification, Updates, and Corrections

Because students sometimes make errors on their application, there is a process for verifying applications and making corrections. The Central Processing System (CPS) selects which applications are to be verified, but you also have the authority to verify additional students.

You must verify applications selected by the CPS of students who will receive or have received subsidized student financial assistance, as defined below. Verification is not required for students who are only eligible for unsubsidized student financial assistance (however, see Verification exclusions later in this chapter for an important caveat). While graduate students are ineligible for most types of subsidized Title IV aid, they are eligible for Federal Work Study and would need to complete verification if they are selected and receive that aid. Students who are eligible for both subsidized and unsubsidized Title IV aid may not avoid verification by accepting only unsubsidized aid; they must complete verification to receive any Title IV aid (see the “Disbursing unsubsidized aid” section later in this chapter for more information).

NOTE: As described in Dear Colleague Letter GEN-21-05, due to continued concerns related to the ongoing national emergency, the Department is waiving the requirement for schools to complete verification for the remainder of the 2021-2022 award year for students selected under Verification Tracking Flag “V1” and only requiring verification of Identity/Statement of Educational Purpose and High School Completion Status under Verification Tracking Groups V4 and V5. Institutions may apply this waiver no matter where they are in the verification process. Note that this does not exempt institutions from reviewing all documents for conflicting information concerning a student’s eligibility. For more detailed information related to the 2021-2022 verification waiver, please review GEN-21-05.

34 CFR 668.51–61 (Subpart E)

Required Policies and Procedures

Your school must have written policies about

  • the time period in which students must submit verification documentation,

  • the consequences for failing to submit those documents in time,

  • the method you use to notify students if their expected family contribution (EFC) and Title IV aid amounts change,

  • the procedures you or students follow to correct FAFSA data, and

  • the procedure you follow to refer a student to the Office of Inspector General (OIG) (see Chapter 5).

Title IV programs for which eligibility is determined by the EFC: the Pell Grant, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG), Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Direct Subsidized Loan programs.

Title IV programs for which eligibility is not based on the EFC: the Teacher Education Assistance for College and Higher Education (TEACH) Grant, Direct Unsubsidized Loan, and Direct PLUS Loan programs.

The Iraq and Afghanistan Service Grant is a non-need-based grant and is not subject to verification.

Your school must provide, in a timely manner, students selected for verification a clear explanation of their role, including what documents to submit, deadlines they must meet, and the consequences of failing to meet them.

The FSA Assessments, located under “Tools for Schools” section on the IFAP website, includes various verification activities under the verification assessment that you can use to help you evaluate your verification process. In addition, the Department has a list of questions and answers about verification.

34 CFR 668.53

Verification selection and professional judgement (PJ)

You must complete verification for a selected student before you exercise professional judgment (PJ) to adjust any values used to calculate the EFC. But a PJ adjustment does not require you to verify an application not selected.

Once the Department selects a FAFSA application for verification, every subsequent transaction for that award year, even one resulting from PJ, will indicate that the student is selected for verification.

If a FAFSA that is not selected for verification is later corrected, that can result in the application being selected. However, when PJ is used (and coded correctly) to adjust an application that is not selected for verification, the CPS prevents the subsequent transaction from being selected for verification.

Verification and PJ reference
34 CFR 668.53(c)

Applications and Information to be Verified

The Department’s long-term goal is for a customized approach to verification. A menu of potential verification items for each award year will be published in the Federal Register, and the items to verify for a given application will be selected from that menu and indicated on the SAR/ISIR. Those output documents will continue to include only one verification flag to show students who were selected, and they will need to verify all the FAFSA items below that apply to them.

See the September 3, 2020, Federal Register for the verification items for 2021–2022, which are the same as last year’s:

  • Adjusted gross income (AGI)

  • U.S. income tax paid

  • Education credits

  • Untaxed portions of IRA distributions

  • Untaxed portions of pensions

  • IRA deductions and payments

  • Tax-exempt interest income

  • Income earned from work

  • Household size

  • Number in college

  • High school completion status

  • Identity/statement of educational purpose

The verification flag will have a value of “Y,” and next to the EFC will be an asterisk referring to a comment in the student section of the SAR that tells applicants they will be asked by their schools to provide documentation. A verification tracking flag will be set on the applicant’s Institutional Student Information Record (ISIR) to indicate placement in one of the 2021–2022 verification tracking groups.

34 CFR 668.56

School-selected verification

In some cases you, not the CPS, will select a student for verification. You must verify any information you have reason to believe is incorrect on an application. Also, you may at your discretion require a student to verify any FAFSA information and provide reasonable documentation according to consistently applied school policies. In either case you may, but are not required to, include any of the CPS verification items not already included. Whether you do that or not, students with these applications are considered selected for verification and, as with CPS-selected applications, all other verification requirements, such as deadlines, allowable tolerances, and interim disbursement rules, apply.

When schools choose to verify an item other than those the Department selects, they may delay disbursing Title IV aid until verification is completed if the school-selected item can affect the student’s Title IV eligibility, such as an item about dependency status. But schools cannot delay Title IV disbursing when the item has no bearing on Title IV aid, for example, if the school is verifying home equity to determine student eligibility for school or state aid.

Verification tracking groups

Students who are selected for verification will be placed in one of the following groups to determine which FAFSA information must be verified.

NOTE: As stated earlier in this chapter, GEN-21-05 waived the requirement for schools to complete verification for the remainder of the 2021-2022 award year for students selected under Verification Tracking Flag “V1” and only requires verification of Identity/Statement of Educational Purpose and High School Completion Status under Verification Tracking Groups V4 and V5.

V1—Standard Verification Group. Students in this group must verify the following if they are tax filers:

  • Adjusted gross income

  • U.S. income tax paid

  • Untaxed portions of IRA distributions

  • Untaxed portions of pensions

  • IRA deductions and payments

  • Tax-exempt interest income

  • Education credits

  • Household size

  • Number in college

Students who are not tax filers must verify the following:

  • Income earned from work

  • Household size

  • Number in college

V4—Custom Verification Group. Students must verify high school completion status and identity/statement of educational purpose (SEP).

V5—Aggregate Verification Group. Students must verify high school completion status and identity/SEP in addition to the items in the Standard Verification Group (V1).

Groups V2, V3, and V6 are reserved for future use by the Department.

Changing tracking groups

A student may move from Verification Tracking Group V1 or V4 to group V5 based on corrections made to his or her CPS record or on other information available to the Department. If verification was already completed for the previous group, the student is only required to verify the V5 information that was not already verified. If verification was not completed for the previous group, the student needs to verify all of the V5 information.

No disbursements of Title IV aid may be made until the V5 verification is satisfactorily completed. If the student doesn’t complete verification, the school is not liable for any Title IV aid it disbursed prior to receiving the group V5 ISIR. The student is liable for the full amount because without verification there is no evidence he or she was eligible for that aid. See the October 31, 2016, announcement for more information about disbursements and potential return of funds when students are selected for verification.

Reporting results for groups V4 and V5

You must report the verification results of identity and high school (HS) completion status for any student for whom you (1) receive an ISIR with tracking flag V4 or V5—as selected by the CPS, not your school—and (2) request verification documentation. You report this information on the FAA Access to CPS Online website: select the Identity Verification Results option from the main menu, enter your school identifiers, the award year, and the student identifiers. You will then enter one of the following numeric codes that most applies:

  • 1-Verification completed in person, no issues found

  • 2-Verification completed remotely, no issues found

  • 3-Verification attempted, issues found with identity. (You received acceptable documentation of high school completion but not the SEP or documentation of identity, or the latter was unacceptable.)

  • 4-Verification attempted, issues found with HS completion. (You received the SEP and acceptable documentation of identity, but you didn’t get HS completion documentation or it was unacceptable.)

  • 5-No response from applicant or unable to locate

  • 6-Verification attempted, issues found with both identity and HS completion

You are required to report results no more than 60 days following your first request to the student for documentation of identity and high school completion. Inaccurate and untimely reporting may subject your school to findings as a result of your annual compliance audit or a program review. If there is a change in a result you have already submitted, you can submit the new code using the above process, and must make that change within 30 days of becoming aware that a change occurred. The most recent submission will supplant prior award year submissions. Because the FAA Access website does not store a list of these verification results for you to retrieve, we recommend you print and keep the confirmation page for your records.

Instead of using this individual method, you can submit verification results by uploading a flat file with the data for up to 2,000 students. Each record must contain only the nine-digit SSN, the two-character name ID, and the appropriate numeric result code from above. Each line of data must contain only one record. Do not use hyphens, empty lines, or spaces (unless the student does not have a last name, in which case enter two spaces). This is an example of two records reported via the flat file:



Verification exclusions

There are times when you don’t need to verify a student’s application. Except in the case of the student’s death, however—or post-enrollment situations where the student also does not intend to reenroll—none of the exemptions excuse you from the requirement to resolve conflicting information (see Chapter 5). You should document the basis for an exclusion. Other information not excluded must still be verified according to all other requirements.

You don’t have to verify FAFSA information of a student in the following situations:

  • Death of the student. You don’t have to continue verification if you made an interim disbursement and the student died before verification was completed. You cannot make any additional disbursements, except for FWS funds already earned, to any of the student’s beneficiaries. You cannot originate or disburse his or her Direct Subsidized Loan or consider any interim disbursement you made of Pell or FSEOG funds or provisional FWS employment to be an overpayment.

  • Not an aid recipient. The student won’t receive Title IV aid for reasons other than a failure to complete verification. This includes being ineligible for that aid and withdrawing without receiving it.

  • The applicant is eligible to receive only unsubsidized student financial assistance. However, students selected for V4 or V5 verification should complete it in accord with the answer to DOC-Q18 on the verification Q and A page.

  • Applicant verified by another school. The student completed verification for the current award year at another school before transferring. His or Her FAFSA data must be the same as it was at the previous school, and you must get a letter from that school stating that it verified the student's application and providing the transaction number of the pertinent valid ISIR.

  • Post enrollment. The student was selected for verification after ceasing to be enrolled at your school, he or she does not intend to reenroll for the award year, and no further (including late) disbursements will be made.

Unless you have reason to believe it is inaccurate, you don’t have to verify the reported FAFSA information of the parents of a dependent student if any of the following apply (including in cases where there is only one parent):

  • Both of the parents are mentally incapacitated.

  • Both parents or the custodial parent has died.

  • They are residing in a country other than the United States and can’t be contacted by normal means.

  • They can’t be located because the student does not have and cannot get their contact information.

Unless you have reason to believe it is inaccurate, you don’t have to verify the reported FAFSA information of the spouse of an independent student if any of the following apply:

  • The spouse has died.

  • The spouse is mentally incapacitated.

  • The spouse is residing in a country other than the United States and can’t be contacted by normal means.

  • The spouse can’t be located because the student does not have and cannot get his or her contact information.

    Example: Ursula is attending Lem Community College, and her application is selected for verification. She provided her husband’s information on the application but now explains that he recently moved out and she can’t locate him. She also gives Lem documents to show that she’s tried to locate her husband. Lem determines that Ursula doesn’t need to verify her husband’s tax and income information. Of course, she still needs to verify her own information.

34 CFR 668.54(b)

Verification following disasters

The Dear Colleague Letter (DCL) GEN-17-08 gives general guidance for awarding aid in federally declared disasters. It states that the Secretary will not enforce the verification requirements during the award year for applicants whose records were lost or destroyed because of a disaster as long as the school has tried to preserve and reconstruct any records. The school must document when it does not perform verification for this reason and use status code “S” when reporting the disbursement of Pell Grants to affected students. Also, the requirement for dependent students to submit a statement signed by a parent regarding household size and number in college is waived if the parents cannot provide the signature due to the disaster. The school must note why no parent was able to provide the statement.

Schools that experience a local disaster (rather than a federally declared one) that affects Title IV administration should consult their regional school participation division.

Refer to the resources for higher education institutions on the Department’s Coronavirus webpage for guidance pertaining to the COVID-19 national emergency.

Higher Education Relief Opportunities for Students (HEROES) Act

The relief described in GEN-17-08 applies specifically to disasters and is separate from relief under the HEROES Act, which allows the Secretary to modify or waive some statutory and regulatory requirements for those who

  • are serving on active duty or performing qualifying National Guard duty during a war, other military operation, or national emergency;

  • reside or are employed in an area declared a disaster by a federal, state, or local official in connection with a national emergency; or

  • suffered economic hardship as a direct result of a war, other military operation, or national emergency, as determined by the Secretary.

Read the electronic announcement, and the Federal Register notice for the waivers and modifications due to expire on September 30, 2022.


The September 3, 2020, Federal Register gives the documentation required for verifying 2021–2022 application data, which depends on the item verified, as explained in this section. The Department encourages students and parents to use the IRS Data Retrieval Tool (DRT) to import data from their tax return and not change it. It is the fastest, easiest, and most secure method of meeting verification requirements. In addition, the Department has developed suggested text that, if you choose, you can use to create a verification document and to verify non-tax items, such as household size and number in college. Unlike in past years, the suggested text is no longer found at the end of this chapter. To review the suggested text for 2021-2022, please see the September 25, 2020 electronic announcement.

If you use a verification document, be sure that it is signed, that all required sections are completed, and that any relevant tax or alternative documents are attached. Copies are acceptable, and unless specifically noted in this chapter, a signature on a copy is as valid as an original signature (i.e., a handwritten or “wet” signature). If a copy of the tax return is used, the filer (or at least one of the filers of a joint return) must sign it or the tax preparer must provide his or her name and SSN, EIN, or PTIN.

The following chart shows the tax form line numbers for the most commonly reported items. This chart is a reference only; it is not a list of all the items the school must check on a tax return.

Line items from the 2019 1040 tax return



Income tax paid

14 minus Schedule 2 line 2

Deductible IRA/SEP

Schedule 1 line 15 plus 19

Tax-exempt interest income


Untaxed portions of IRA distributions and pensions (excluding rollovers)

(4a + 4c) minus (4b + 4d)

Education credits

Schedule 3 line 3

Documenting AGI, taxes paid, and other tax data with the DRT

As already noted, the importation of IRS tax data via the DRT is the best way to document that information. Students and parents do this either when initially filling out the FAFSA or later as a correction. For the retrieved data to be acceptable documentation of tax data, it is necessary that neither students nor parents change the data after it is transferred from the IRS—if the data was changed or if you have reason to believe the data transferred is incorrect, the student will need to provide a tax return transcript or a signed copy of the tax return. The IRS request field(s) on the ISIR will have a value of “02” when the data is unchanged. The following items are imported from IRS form 1040 to a student’s FAFSA via the DRT:

  • Type of tax return filed

  • Adjusted gross income

  • Taxes paid

  • Education credits

  • IRA deductions

  • Tax-exempt interest income

  • Untaxed portions of IRA distributions

  • Untaxed portions of pensions

  • Income earned from work

  • Tax return filing status

In the following situations, the IRS DRT is not available in the FAFSA online or the myStudentAid mobile app (all apply to both students and parents unless otherwise noted):

  • The person did not indicate on the FAFSA form that the tax return has been completed.

  • The person filed a non-U.S. tax return.

  • The marriage date is January 2020 or later.

  • The person answered married on the FAFSA form and filed the tax return either as head of household or married but filing a separate return.

  • The first three digits of the SSN are 666.

  • Neither married parent entered a valid SSN.

  • An unmarried parent or both married parents entered all zeroes for the SSN.

34 CFR 668.57(a)

Using a joint return to figure individual AGI and taxes paid

If the filer of a joint return has become widowed, divorced, or separated since filing the return, it may be necessary to determine the individual’s income and taxes paid using the joint return and W-2 forms. If a W-2 is not available (the filer is self-employed for example) or if a duplicate copy from the employer who issued the original W-2 is not available in a timely manner, the school may permit the filer to provide a signed statement that certifies the base year AGI and U.S. taxes paid. If he has divorced and married someone new (see “Parent remarriage after applying” section discussed later in this chapter if this occurred after completion of the application), then the new spouse’s income and assets would also need to be included.

Add the income amounts from the individual’s W-2 forms to any other income that can be extracted from the joint return. Any interest or business income earned on joint accounts or investments should be assessed at 50%. The same procedure should be used to divide business or farm losses. Also, if the AGI listed on the joint return was adjusted, you should reduce the individual’s AGI by the portion of the adjustment that applies solely to him or her. An AGI figure can be calculated for the individual filer. A signed statement from the filer certifying that the data from the joint return were accurately assessed is sufficient documentation for this method.

Use one of the following methods to figure the individual’s taxes paid:

  • Tax table (preferred method). Using the IRS Tax Table or Tax Rate Schedule for the appropriate year, calculate the amount of tax that would have been paid if a separate return had been filed. Use the deductions the individual could have claimed if he or she had filed a separate return. (If itemized deductions were taken, count only the portion of those deductions that could have been claimed on a separate tax return.)

  • Proportional distribution. Determine what percentage of the joint AGI was attributable to the individual, and then assess the joint taxes paid by that same percentage.


Calculating the individual AGI from a joint return

Eddy’s application is selected for verification. He and his wife filed a joint return for 2019 and have since divorced. The AGI on Eddy’s FAFSA matches the AGI of $56,500 on the 2019 tax return, which means it’s wrong because it includes his wife’s income.

Eddy’s W-2 shows that his income for 2019 was $25,900, and the tax return shows $400 in interest. Because it was interest on a joint savings account, the aid administrator adds $200 of it to Eddy’s income and submits $26,100 as the corrected income via FAA Access.

Calculating the individual tax from a joint return

The aid administrator determines that Eddy’s part of the $56,500 AGI he and his wife reported is $26,100. If he had filed his tax return as single, his standard deduction would have been $12,200 (instead of $24,400 for married filers). Eddy’s income of $26,100 minus $12,200 for the standard deduction results in $13,900 in taxable income.

The aid administrator uses the tax table to determine how much tax Eddy would have paid on this amount, taking into account any applicable credits reported on the original return. With a taxable income of $13,900, the tax amount from the tax schedule is $1,477.

To use the proportional distribution method instead, the aid administrator figures out what percentage of the joint AGI Eddy’s income represents. The percentage is 46% (26,100 ÷ 56,500 is .4619). The aid administrator then multiplies the income tax paid as reported on the tax return ($3,467 for this example) by this percentage. Eddy’s income tax by using this method is $1,595 (.46 x $3,467).

Using the tax transcript

If students cannot or will not use the DRT, either at initial FAFSA filing or through online corrections, another way to document AGI, taxes paid, and untaxed income is by providing an IRS tax return transcript for the student and spouse or parents, as applicable. Before requesting a transcript, they should allow enough time to pass after filing the return; it takes the IRS 2 to 4 weeks to process returns filed electronically and 6 to 8 weeks for mailed returns. Tax transcripts submitted to your school for verification do not need to be signed by the tax filer (but it is encouraged) unless you have reason to doubt their authenticity.

There are a few ways to request a tax return transcript: online at www., by calling 1-800-908-9946, or by mailing the paper Form 4506TEZ, which can be printed out from the IRS website. To order a fiscal year tax transcript for verification, Form 4506-T must be used rather than Form 4506T-EZ. Phone requests are via an automated process instead of an IRS representative. With online requests, tax filers can get an electronic transcript (see below) or they can have the IRS mail them a paper transcript; nononline requests yield a mailed transcript. Schools can accept and copy transcripts originally obtained from the IRS.

The Get Transcript Online feature allows users to get the transcript in real time as a portable document format (PDF) file, which they can submit electronically to a school or print and submit as a hard copy. To use the Get Transcript Online tool, users must have (1) access to a valid email address, (2) a text-enabled mobile phone in their name, and (3) specific financial account numbers, such as a credit card number or an account number for a home mortgage or auto loan. The process will not cause charges to the card or the account. See the website for more information on the Get Transcript Service.

The IRS’s Income Verification Express Service (IVES) allows a third party to receive a tax filer’s transcript. The IVES participant submits a 4506-T or 4506T-EZ form, signed by the tax filer, and receives the transcript from the IRS, which charges a small fee for the service. Schools may apply to participate in IVES. They may also use a transcript from another IVES participant (which is not considered a third-party servicer in this case) for verification as long as they have no reason to doubt its authenticity. Schools may not, however, pass on the charge for using this service to the student. See GEN-14-05.

To combat identity theft, the IRS masks much of the personally identifiable information on the transcript. For example, only the last four digits of any SSN or account or telephone number are displayed. The option on forms 4506-T and 4506T-EZ to designate a third-party recipient of the transcript has been eliminated. As noted above, schools can elect to participate in IVES as a way of receiving transcripts directly from the IRS. Taxpayers will be able to have a “customer file number” of their choosing appear on a requested transcript, which will facilitate identification. This can be something like a student’s college ID number or some other number (but not an SSN). See the October 4, 2018, announcement and the IRS news release for more.

See the November 20, 2020 electronic announcement for the tax transcript matrix, a chart of the FAFSA and ISIR tax items used for verification and their corresponding line items from the various IRS tax returns and the tax transcript for the 2021-2022 award year.

The tax return transcript may show a per computer amount for some tax data that is different from what the filer reported to the IRS. The per computer amount should be used because it corrects mathematical errors and is more accurate than what appears on the original return or was transferred via the DRT. This guidance still holds, but because the DRT reports per computer values for AGI, income tax paid, and education tax credits, there should not be many discrepancies between DRT data and the transcript. Also, if a transcript indicates “recomputed <tax return item> per computer,” that amount may be ignored for verification.

Schools may accept for verification any IRS tax transcript that includes all of the necessary information: adjusted gross income, U.S. income tax paid, untaxed IRA distributions, untaxed pensions, education credits, IRA deductions and tax-exempt interest. Because the record of account and the Return Transcript for Taxpayer (RTFTP) include all of the above information, either may be used for verification. The Information Returns Processing Transcript Request—Wages (IRPTR-W) only provides wage information and therefore can only be used in lieu of a W-2 form. See the February 23, 2017, announcement for information about the documents obtained from the IRS that are used for verification: the tax return transcript, the record of account, the account transcript, and the wage and income transcript. The announcement also explains Form 13873, which students or parents might receive when requesting documents from the IRS.

Rollovers and verification

Qualified rollovers from one retirement account to another are not taxable, and they should not be counted as untaxed income (as indicated in Chapter 2). Since neither the DRT nor a tax transcript identifies rollovers, you must get documentation from the tax filer. This could be a signed statement with the rollover amount or a notation by the filer on the tax transcript that includes the word “rollover” beside any applicable item, similar to the instruction the IRS gives for Form 1040. The annotation must be signed and dated by the filer. For those who used the DRT, a signed confirmation that the IRA or pension distribution included a rollover would suffice; a tax transcript would only be needed if other IRS tax information was changed. See VI-Q4 on the Q and A page.

Using the tax return

Although the DRT and tax transcript are preferable for completing verification, students can also submit a copy of the tax return and any applicable schedules. However, see the guidance under victims of identity theft later in this volume for an important caveat. The tax return will likely have been filed electronically with one of a variety of methods. These include do-it-yourself methods as well as completion by a tax preparer. Each method should permit printing of a paper copy of the return, though the e-file format might not contain every line item, showing instead only the data the tax filer provided. For example, if Item 2b, “Taxable interest,” does not appear on such a return, that means no taxable interest income was reported.

You can accept a paper or electronic copy of the return as long as it contains a signature. Acceptable examples would include, but are not limited to:

  1. A signed paper return that the student either mailed or brought to the school.

  2. A signed paper return that the student faxed or scanned and emailed.

  3. An electronic copy that the student signed with a stylus or finger.

  4. An electronic copy that we consider signed because it has an image of the student’s signature attached.

However, a signature on Form 8879, the IRS e-file Signature Authorization, is not an acceptable substitute for a signature on the tax return.

For persons who have a tax professional prepare their return, instead of a copy of the return with the filer’s signature, you may accept one that has the name and PTIN of the preparer or has his or her SSN or EIN and has been signed, stamped, typed, or printed with his or her name and address. Note that the IRS requires paid preparers to have a PTIN.

If a person did not retain a copy of his or her 2019 tax information and it cannot be located by the IRS or the relevant government agency, he or she must submit a signed statement indicating that they did not keep a copy of their tax information as well as documentation from the taxing authority indicating that that information cannot be located. Also, you must accept for an IRS filer either a copy of Form W–2 for each source of employment income received for 2019 or, if he or she is self-employed, a signed statement certifying the amount of AGI and taxes paid. For someone who filed an income tax return with a government of a U.S. territory or commonwealth or a foreign central government, accept a copy of a wage and tax statement or a signed statement certifying the amount of AGI and taxes paid for 2019.

If a W-2 is not available

If an individual who is required to submit an IRS Form W-2 did not save a copy, he or she should request a replacement W-2 from the employer who issued the original. A W-2 transcript from the IRS is also acceptable though it generally is not available until the year after the W-2 information is filed with the IRS (e.g., 2021 for 2019 information filed in 2020). If he or she is un- able to obtain one in a timely manner, you may permit him or her to provide a signed statement that includes the amount of income earned from work, the source of that income, and the reason why the W-2 is not available in a timely manner.

Immigrants and tax filing

Immigrants are not exempt from tax filing. The IRS is more concerned whether a person is a resident or nonresident— rather than legal or illegal— alien. An alien is anyone who is not a U.S. citizen or national. A resident alien is one who either is a permanent resident or has resided in the U.S. for a specific minimum amount of time (has met the substantial presence test). All others are nonresident aliens. Resident aliens’ income is generally subject to tax in the same manner as U.S. citizens’, and they file Form 1040. Nonresident aliens who are required to file a return submit Form 1040NR or 1040NR-EZ; both forms are acceptable documentation for verification.

Immigrants who do not have an SSN and are unable to get one can apply with the IRS for an individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN). The ITIN is only for tax purposes. It does not authorize a person to work, endorse his or her legal status, or entitle him or her to the earned income credit or Social Security benefits. It is not to be used as an identifier in place of the SSN on the FAFSA.

See the IRS’s Publication 519, U.S. Tax Guide for Aliens at for more information.

Special situations

  • Filing extensions. Because the FAFSA uses prior-prior year tax data, even individuals who have an automatic six-month extension by the IRS should have completed their tax return by the time of verification. Therefore, they must verify income and tax information either by using the IRS Data Retrieval Tool or by submitting to the institution an IRS Tax Return Transcript. Only students (and spouses if applicable) and parents granted an extension beyond six months may submit the following for verification:

    • a copy of the IRS’s approval of an extension beyond the automatic six-month extension for tax year 2019;

    • verification of non-filing (see non-tax filers for more information) from the IRS dated on or after October 1, 2020;

    • copies of all their W-2 forms (or equivalent) for 2019 employment income; and

    • if self-employed, a signed statement with the amounts of their AGI and U.S. income tax paid 2019.

    You may require those with a filing extension to use the DRT or submit to your school a tax transcript or return after it has been filed. If you do that, you must reverify the income information. If the student does not use the DRT or submit a tax transcript or return, see the guidance described under the “Deadlines and Failure to Submit Documentation” section later in this chapter on failing to complete verification. See DOC-Q16 on the Q and A page.

    For a person called up for active duty or qualifying National Guard duty during a war, another military operation, or a national emergency, a school must accept a statement from the person certifying that he or she has not filed an income tax return or a request for a filing extension because of that service.

  • Joint return filers who are no longer married. When a dependent student’s parents filed a joint return and have separated, divorced, married someone else, or been widowed, the student must submit a tax transcript or return and a copy of each W-2 form for the parent whose tax information is on the FAFSA. Similarly, an independent student must submit a tax transcript or return and a copy of his or her W-2 forms if he or she filed a joint return and is separated, divorced, or a widow.

  • For non-tax filers you must receive a W-2 form for each source of 2019 employment income and a signed statement certifying that the person has not filed and is not required to file a 2019 tax return. You must also get a signed statement giving the sources and amounts of the person’s income earned from work not found on W-2s. Students may sign on a nonfiling spouse’s behalf.

    For residents of the Freely Associated States (the Republic of the Mar- shall Islands, the Republic of Palau, or the Federated States of Micronesia), a copy of the wage and tax statement from each employer (substitute for W-2s) and a signed statement identifying any other employment income for the year not identified on the wage and tax statement is acceptable. Persons from a U.S. territory or common- wealth or a foreign country who are not required to file a tax return can provide a signed statement certifying their income.

    You must also require the person (except dependent students) to submit a “Verification of Nonfiling (VNF) Letter” from the IRS dated on or after October 1, 2020, attesting that he or she did not file a 2019 IRS tax return. The nonfiler can get this by sending IRS Form 4506-T and checking box 7. Also acceptable is other IRS documentation that clearly states the IRS does not have a tax record for the year, such as a return transcript with the message “no record of return filed” or “no transcript on file.” Messages that aren’t as clear, such as “could not be processed,” are not acceptable alternatives. See the February 23, 2017, electronic announcement for more information.

    Persons subject to foreign tax codes would submit a comparable document; see DOC-Q30 on the Q and A page. Note that verification of nonfiling only shows that a person did not file a tax return, not that she was not required to file one. See Chapter 5 if a person whose financial information was on the FAFSA did not file a tax return when it appears he or she was required to, and see DOC-Q29 on the Q and A page about non-tax filers who lack any identifying number (e.g., SSN) needed to get a confirmation of nonfiling from the IRS.

  • Individuals who can’t get a VNF letter from the IRS (or other tax authority) may instead submit a signed statement as long as the school has no reason to question the student’s or family’s good-faith effort to acquire the letter. Form 4506-T states that most requests are processed within 10 business days, so at least that amount of time should elapse before schools resort to a signed statement. Also, since a VNF must be dated on or after October 1, 2020, the statement cannot be signed and used before that date.

    The statement must assert that the person attempted but was unable to get the VNF. For non-tax filers, the statement must also confirm that they have not filed and are not required to file a tax return for the relevant year, and it must list the sources and amounts of income earned from work. For extension filers, the statement must also confirm that they have not yet filed a return for the tax year and must list the sources and amounts of income; if they are self-employed, it must include the amount of AGI and U.S. income tax paid. Note that in both cases—for non-tax filers and extension filers—the other required documentation (e.g., W-2 forms) must still be provided.

  • For filers of non-IRS tax returns, you may accept a transcript from a government of a foreign nation or a U.S. territory or commonwealth that has all of the filer’s income and tax data to be verified. Or you may accept a copy of the tax return, which must be signed by the filer or one of the filers of a joint return. Use the income and tax data that most closely corresponds to what is on the IRS tax return, and convert monetary amounts into U.S. dollars as appropriate. If you question the accuracy of the information on the signed copy of the return, the filer must provide you with a copy of the tax account information issued by the tax authority. See DOC-Q28 on the Q and A page.

  • Filers of amended returns. Students or parents who file an amended return (IRS Form 1040X) can use the DRT though the ISIR will show an IRS Request Flag value of 07 (for more information review the “IRS Data Retrieval Tool” section in Chapter 2). Because the tax return transcript does not reflect changes to the original return by the filer or the IRS, it is by itself not sufficient. So when an amended return was filed, you must submit any changes to nondollar items and to single monetary items of $25 or more. To complete verification you will need a signed copy of the 1040X form that was filed as well as either

    • IRS DRT information on an ISIR record with all the information from the original tax return or

    • any IRS transcript (which does not have to be signed) that includes all the income and tax information required to be verified or a signed copy of the tax return.

    Note that there may be rare cases when a student, spouse, or parent did not file a 1040X with the IRS but had their tax and income information amended by the IRS. In such a case a school may accept one of the items mentioned above plus documentation showing the IRS’s change(s). Please note that if the IRS amends the return, the IRS Request Flag value will also be labeled 07.

  • Victims of identity theft who cannot get a return transcript or use the DRT submit a Tax Return DataBase View (TRDBV) transcript as well as a signed and dated statement indicating that they were victims of tax-related identity theft and that the IRS is aware of it. They do this by calling the IRS’s Identity Protection Specialized Unit (IPSU) at 800- 908-4490. After the IPSU authenticates the tax filer’s identity, he or she can ask the IRS to mail the TRDBV transcript, which is an alternate paper transcript that will look different than a regular transcript but that is official and can be used for verification. Unless you doubt its authenticity, you don’t need to get an IRS signature or stamp or any other validation. See DCL GEN-14-05 for a sample TRDBV transcript. Those who cannot obtain a TRDBV transcript may instead submit a copy of the tax return or another official IRS transcript or equivalent IRS document if it includes all of the income and tax information required to be verified. Note that filers must first attempt to get a TRDBV before they can use a copy of the tax return or another transcript. Then, as long as the school has no reason to doubt the victim of identity theft or the accuracy of the document, it can be used to complete verification.

  • Students eligible for an automatic zero EFC. A dependent student in this category who is placed in Verification Tracking Group V1 or V5 only has to verify the following information:

    1. his or her parents’ AGI if they were tax filers;

    2. their income earned from work if they were non-tax filers (who must also follow the guidance given for non-filers); and

    3. the student must also verify high school completion status and identity and sign a statement of educational purpose if in group V5.

    An independent student only has to verify:

    1. his or her and, if applicable, his or her spouse’s AGI if they were tax filers;

    2. their income earned from work if they were non-tax filers (who must also follow the guidance given for non-filers);

    3. high school completion status and identity (student-must also sign a statement of educational purpose if in group V5); and

    4. the number of household members to determine if the student has any dependents other than a spouse.

    All students eligible for an auto zero EFC who are placed in Verification Tracking Group V4 must verify high school completion status and identity and sign a statement of educational purpose.

Household size

To document the household size, the student needs to provide a statement signed by him or her and, if dependent, at least one parent that gives the name, age, and relationship to the student of each person in the household.

34 CFR 668.57(b)

You don’t have to verify household size in the following situations:

  • For a dependent student, the household size reported is two with a single, divorced, separated, or widowed parent or is three with parents who are married or are unmarried and living together

  • For an independent student, the number reported is two if the student is married or one if the student is single, divorced, separated, or widowed

Keep in mind that household size needs to align with the answers to the relevant dependency status questions, such as the one about having dependents other than a spouse. If verification reveals that answers do not match, the FAFSA needs to be corrected so that the information is in alignment.

Number in college

You can document this item with a statement signed by the student (and, if he or she is dependent, at least one parent) that gives the name and age of each person in the household (excluding the parents of a dependent student) who is enrolled at least half time in a degree or certificate program at an eligible postsecondary institution along with the name of each postsecondary institution. This statement can also be written to document household size as well. Completion of the Department’s verification suggested text can satisfy both items as outlined in our September 25, 2020 electronic announcement.

If you have reason to doubt the enrollment information reported, you must obtain from each school a statement that the named person will attend there on at least a half-time basis. You don’t have to get such a statement if the person has not yet registered, is attending less than half time, or will be attending your school.

If you have reason to doubt whether a reported school is Title IV eligible, you must insure it is, such as by checking to see if it has a federal school code or checking with your regional school participation division.

You don’t have to verify the number in college if the reported number enrolled is one (the student only).

34 CFR 668.57(c)

High school completion

Students must provide one of the following documents that indicate their high school completion status at the beginning of the 2021-2022 award year:

  • A copy of a high school diploma

  • A copy of a final, official high school transcript that shows the date when the diploma was awarded

  • A copy of the “secondary school leaving certificate” or similar document from the proper government agency for students who completed secondary school in a foreign country. If your college doesn’t have the expertise to evaluate foreign secondary school credentials or chooses not to do so, there are evaluation services available.

  • A copy of a General Educational Development (GED) certificate or GED transcript that indicates the student passed the exam

  • Certification of a passing score on a test that the student’s state authorizes and recognizes as the equivalent of a high school diploma. This includes tests similar to the GED, such as the High School Equivalency Test (HiSET) or the Test Assessing Secondary Completion (TASC). Test transcripts are acceptable documentation if they indicate that the final score is a passing score or that the student’s state considers the test results to meet its high school equivalency requirements.

  • An academic transcript that indicates the student successfully completed at least a two-year program that is acceptable for full credit toward a bachelor’s degree at any participating school. You do not have to collect proof of high school status for graduate students if admission into their program required the completion of at least two years of undergraduate coursework.

    This also includes successful completion of at least 60 semester or trimester credit hours or 72 quarter credit hours that does not result in the awarding of an associate’s degree, but that is acceptable for full credit toward a bachelor’s degree at any institution; or enrollment in a bachelor’s degree program where at least 60 semester or trimester credit hours or 72 quarter credit hours have been successfully completed, including credit hours transferred into the bachelor’s degree program. (Program integrity Q & A - RED-Q1/A1)

  • For a student who has not completed high school and is seeking enrollment in a program that leads to at least an associate degree or its equivalent, documentation from the high school that he or she ex- celled academically and from your school that he or she meets your written policy for admitting such students. This should be a rare occurrence.

  • For homeschooled students, a copy of a secondary school completion credential for homeschool (other than a high school diploma or its recognized equivalent) if state law requires homeschooled students to get that credential. If it is not required, a transcript or the equivalent signed by the parent or guardian that lists the secondary school courses the student completed and documents the successful completion of a secondary school education in a homeschool setting.

  • For students in an “eligible career pathway program,” documentation that they passed an approved ATB test, completed at least 6 credit hours or 225 clock hours that are applicable toward a degree or certificate offered by your school or completed a state process approved by the Department. See the ATB section below.

If your school has already received one of these documents as part of the admission process, you do not need to ask for another. If you successfully verified a student’s high school completion in a prior year, you do not need to do it again. Some schools collect seventh semester high school transcripts prior to students receiving an actual diploma, or they collect high school transcripts for some but not all of their students because they may have special programs that admit students without a high school diploma. In both cases, schools must collect separate documentation that shows the date when the diploma was awarded.

When documentation of high school completion is unavailable—e.g., the school is closed and no information is available from another source such as the school district or state department of education, or the parent or guardian who homeschooled the student is deceased—you may accept alternative documentation, such as a military DD Form 214 Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty that indicates that the student is a high school graduate or equivalent. For more information on acceptable high school completion documentation, please see Volume 1, Chapter 1.

Students’ self-certification is not acceptable except in rare cases when a refugee, asylee, or victim of human trafficking cannot obtain documentation of high school completion from their home country. Then schools may accept self-certification in accordance with the guidance of Q & A FHD-Q2/A2 at

ATB alternatives for high school completion

Legislation provided ability-to-benefit (ATB) alternatives to a high school diploma for students enrolled in a career pathway program on or after July 1, 2014. See DCL GEN-16-09 for more information, including a definition of career pathway program and a list of Q’s and A’s.

Students who were enrolled in a Title IV program prior to July 1, 2012, and meet one of the ATB alternatives retain their eligibility regardless of whether they are in a career pathway program. For more information on the ATB process, please see Volume 1, Chapter 1. For an updated list of approved ATB tests and passing scores, please review the November 9, 2020 Federal Register notice. For more information on how your State can submit an application for a State Approved Process under 34 CFR 668.156, please review the presentation materials attached to ANN-20-02.

For students who establish Title IV eligibility under an ATB alternative, your school should have already obtained or be in the process of obtaining documentation necessary to support his or her eligibility. Therefore, no further high school completion documentation should be needed from the student.

Identity and statement of educational purpose

Students should appear in person at your school and present a valid, unexpired,1 government-issued photo identification (ID) such as a passport or a driver’s license or other state-issued ID. An unexpired valid government- issued photo identification is one issued by the U.S. government, any of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, a federally recognized American Indian and Alaska Native Tribe, American Samoa, Guam, the Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, or the Republic of Palau.

You must maintain an annotated copy of that ID that includes the date it was received and the name of the person your school authorized to receive it.2 Note that an ID issued by a state university or college is not sufficient for this purpose. Nor is a military ID since 18 U.S. Code § 701 prohibits it from being photocopied.

Students must also sign (it must be a “wet” signature) a statement of educational purpose that certifies who they are and that the federal student aid they may receive will only be used for educational purposes and for the cost of attending the school for the 2021–2022 year. Unlike the other suggested text provided in our September 25, 2020 electronic announcement, the text for the “Statement of Educational Purpose” is not suggested—you must use the exact language given (the student’s identification number is optional though if collected elsewhere on the same page as the statement). After examining the statement, you may convert it into an electronic record. You must keep that or the original for at least the required Title IV record retention period.

A student who is unable to appear at your school must go to a notary public and sign the statement of educational purpose. He or she must then submit to your office that statement (again, with the “wet” signature), a certification from the notary that he or she appeared before the notary and presented a government-issued photo ID confirming his or her identity, and a copy of the same ID. Currently the Department does not authorize the use of online notary services as an alternative to traditional, in-person notary services.

The REAL ID Act affects people entering certain restricted areas where identification is required: federal facilities, nuclear power plants, and federally regulated commercial airplanes. Because there are currently no restrictions under the act on agencies accepting an ID that is not compliant with the act (typically one marked “not for federal identification”) for other purposes, such an ID is acceptable for verification of identity/statement of educational purpose. It must be a government-issued ID that has not expired and includes the student’s photo and name.

1 The ID just needs to be unexpired at the time it is checked. For proving identity, it does not matter if the ID is due to expire during the award year.
2 The school may determine which of its staff are authorized to review an applicant’s identity. We do recommend that the person(s) be full-time staff and that the school keep a record of who they are.

Interim Disbursements

Interim disbursements are allowed either prior to completing verification or after verification but before receiving the corrected SAR or ISIR. If you have no reason to question the accuracy of the information on the FAFSA, prior to completing verification you may at your discretion

  1. make one disbursement of Pell and FSEOG funds for the applicant’s first payment period;

  2. permit FWS employment for the first 60 consecutive days after the student enrolls for the award year; or

  3. originate but not disburse a Direct Subsidized Loan.

If verification results in changes to the FAFSA information that you determine will not alter award amounts, you may at your discretion take actions 1–3 as well as disburse a Direct Subsidized Loan prior to receiving the corrected valid SAR or ISIR (defined as a SAR or ISIR on which all the information reported on a student’s FAFSA is accurate and complete as of the date the application is signed; see 34 CFR 668.2).

34 CFR 668.58

Overpayments from interim disbursements

If prior to verification you make an interim disbursement of Pell or FSEOG funds, your school is liable for any overpayment that results. If you can’t eliminate it by reducing subsequent disbursements or having the student return the money, your school must use its own funds to reimburse the appropriate program by the earlier of 60 days after the student’s last day of attendance or the last day of the award year.

If prior to verification your school permits provisional FWS employment of students for up to 60 days, it is liable for any overpayment it can’t recover by adjusting other aid, and it must reimburse the FWS account from its own funds. Students must be paid for all work performed out of your school’s payroll account—they can’t be required to repay FWS wages earned except when they are proven guilty of fraud.

34 CFR 668.61

If you make an interim disbursement after completing verification but prior to receiving a correct valid SAR or ISIR, and you fail to receive the SAR or ISIR within the deadlines discussed later in this chapter, your school must use its own funds to reimburse the appropriate program and ensure that the student is paid under its own payroll account for all work performed.

Schools that can’t make interim disbursements

Schools on the Heightened Cash Monitoring 2 (HCM2) and Reimbursement payment methods (see Volume 4, Chapter 1) must, as part of their request for Title IV funds from the Department, submit documentation showing that students were eligible to receive the funds disbursed to them (and for which the schools are seeking reimbursement). Because final determination of student eligibility includes completing verification, HCM2 and reimbursement schools are not able to make interim disbursements.

Updating Information

Generally, a student cannot update information that was correct as of the date the application was signed because the FAFSA form is considered to be a “snapshot” of the family’s financial situation as of that date. For example, if the student’s family sold some stock after the student signed the FAFSA form and spent the money on an unreported asset such as a car, he or she can’t update their information to show a change in assets. After the FAFSA form is signed, only certain items can be updated under the following conditions:

  1. All applicants whose dependency status changes must update that and the related FAFSA information throughout the award year except when the update is due to the student’s marital status changing.

  2. All applicants selected by the Department or a school for verification of household size or number in college must update those numbers to be correct as of the date of verification unless the update is due to a change in the student’s marital status. Documenting household size or number in college is not required in a subsequent verification in the same year if the information has not changed.

34 CFR 668.55

At your discretion you may update under either 1 or 2 even if the update is due to a change in the student’s marital status if you deem it necessary to address an inequity or to reflect more accurately the student's ability to pay. Such a decision must be on a case-by-case basis, and you must document your reasons for it. You must also update all other pertinent information, such as spousal income and taxes paid, to be consistent with the new marital status. Do this first if the student is selected for verification, and then complete verification of the updated application. If you change the student's status to unmarried and that makes him or her dependent (because he or she was independent only due to marriage), his or her FAFSA form must be updated with his or her parents’ information. Your school may have a policy of not considering such updates after a specific census date.

Note, however, that you cannot update the marital status of an already independent student whose dependency status has not changed because of his or her marriage or divorce and who was not selected for verification. In such a case you must select the student for verification if you want to exercise your discretion to update their marital status and all other associated information.

Parent remarriage after applying

While the applicant does not typically update household size or number in college because of a change in his or her marital status, if the applicant is a dependent student and his or she parent remarries between application and verification, he must update household size to include the new stepparent. However, the student would not count the new stepparent’s income and assets. A school can use professional judgment to include the stepparent’s income or to otherwise account for the change. See HEA Sec. 475(f)(3) and 34 CFR 668.55(b).

Correcting Errors

As explained in the last section, you only make updates in specified situations, but for students who are not selected for verification, you or they must correct and submit for processing any errors reported on the original FAFSA that would change the EFC or the students’ eligibility for Title IV aid.

For students who are selected for verification and receiving subsidized student aid, changes to any non-dollar item and to any dollar item of $25 or more must be submitted for processing. See the section on "changes in a selected applicant’s FAFSA."

Changes in a Selected Applicant's FAFSA

To receive subsidized student aid, students or the school must submit for processing any changes resulting from verification to a non-dollar item or a single dollar item of $25 or more. Also, if you are required to submit any change through CPS because of verification, you must submit all changes, including amounts that are below $25.

34 CFR 668.59 When there is an overaward from a regular disbursement, the following individual progam regulations apply: Pell Grants: 34 CFR 690.80 FSEOG: 34 CFR 673.5(f) Subsidized DL: 34 CFR 685.303(g)

Campus-Based and Direct Loan changes

When students receive subsidized student aid other than Pell Grants and there is a change, adjust the package on the basis of the EFC on the corrected valid SAR or ISIR. If there was an interim disbursement, comply with the relevant rules if the package must be reduced. If there was a regular disbursement and the package must be reduced, comply with FSEOG overpayment rules or with the rules for dealing with excess loan proceeds for Direct Subsidized Loans.

Pell changes

If FAFSA data change, recalculate the Pell Grant according to the EFC on the corrected valid SAR or ISIR. You can only pay an increased Pell Grant if you have that output document and it supports an increased Pell award.

If the Pell Grant is reduced and the student received an interim disbursement, adjust following disbursements as necessary. Failing that, the student should reimburse the Pell Grant Program, or, if he or she does not return the overpayment, your school must reimburse the Pell program with its funds. If the student received Pell Grant money as a regular disbursement, he or she is responsible for repaying the overpayment. See Volume 4, Chapter 3 for information on overpayments.

Selection after disbursement

A student’s application might be selected for verification after corrections are submitted and the student has been paid based on the previous unselect- ed CPS transaction. You must verify his or her application before making further disbursements. If verification does not justify aid already disbursed, then the student is responsible for repaying all aid for which he or she is not eligible, though the student may keep any Direct Loan money he or she received and FWS wages earned. See the guidance described under the “Deadlines and Failure to Submit Documentation” section later in this chapter for what happens if the student fails to complete verification.

Example: Owen is attending Guerrero University. His application isn’t selected for verification, and he receives aid in the fall. In December, Owen submits a correction on his SAR that causes the ensuing transaction to be selected for verification. The aid administrator at Guerrero tells Owen he needs to submit verification documents if he wants his aid for the spring and if he wants to keep the Pell funds he received for the fall. However, Owen doesn’t turn in the documents. Owen doesn’t have to repay the Direct Loan he got in the fall, but he does have to return the Pell Grant, and Guerrero must cancel his aid package for the spring.

Disbursing unsubsidized aid

For students who are selected for Group V1 and are eligible for both subsidized and unsubsidized aid, a school may, on a case-by-case basis and with proper documentation, disburse Direct Unsubsidized and PLUS loans prior to completing verification that will be delayed. To avoid exceeding the student’s financial need, the school must consider the subsidized aid he or she will receive and adjust the aid amounts after verification if necessary.

If the student never completes V1 verification, the Direct Unsubsidized and PLUS loan aid that was disbursed may be kept. If it’s determined that the student was ineligible when he or she received aid, see the relevant guidance on returning aid in such situations in Volume 4, Chapter 3.

After documentation is complete

When you’ve obtained all necessary verification documents from the student, you should compare them to the SAR or ISIR you are reviewing for payment. If all the student’s information is correct or has been corrected and there are no outstanding issues or conflicting information that you have not resolved, you may award and disburse aid for which the student is eligible.

Sometimes schools ask if even further verification is needed to resolve discrepancies between the ISIR and what the student provided for verification. The answer is no, unless you have reason to doubt the accuracy of the verification information. Acceptable documentation either confirms that an item was right on the ISIR, or it is used to correct that item. That is the purpose of verification; continued fact-finding is not necessary.

How to Submit Corrections and Updates

Corrections and updates can be submitted by the student on the SAR or the web or by the school using FAA Access to CPS Online or the Electronic Data Exchange (EDE). In addition to the following information, see also “Corrections and Updates” in the 2021–2022 ISIR Guide.

Using the online FAFSA

Any student who has an FSA ID—regardless of how he or she originally applied—may correct any of his or her own data in the online FAFSA. If dependent students need to change parental data, a parent must either sign electronically with his or her own FSA ID or print out and sign a signature page.

Submitting changes via FAA Access to CPS Online or EDE

Your school can submit corrections and updates electronically through FAA Access to CPS Online or EDExpress even if the original application wasn’t submitted with that method. If your school isn’t listed on the transaction you want to correct, the student will have to give you the DRN printed on the SAR or SAR Acknowledgement so that you can add your school in the next available institution field and then get electronic access to the resulting corrected transaction. If all the fields are filled, the student will have to tell you which school to replace with yours.

Corrections and updates sent by a school must be based on reliable documentation in its possession that supports the changes to applicant data or signed documentation from the student or parent of a dependent student. Examples of reliable documentation include applications for admission, acceptance letters, course registration information, or academic transcripts. Examples of signed documentation from a student or parent on which corrections and updates may be based include Part 2 of the SAR, a copy of the correction or update, student/parent statement, verification documents, or copies of tax returns or transcripts. Unlike those for the original application, these do not have to wet signatures.

The CPS will process the change, send an ISIR to the school, and send the student a one-page SAR acknowledgement or, if the CPS has the student’s email address, an email with a link to his or her SAR information on the web.

Using the SAR to make corrections

Students who received a paper SAR may make corrections or updates on it, then sign and return it to the FAFSA processor at the address given at the end of the SAR (of course, students with FSA IDs can instead use the online FAFSA). One parent must also sign if the student is dependent and parent data was changed, unless the only corrections are to the institution or housing codes, the address, or telephone number.

If the student applied electronically through a school or received an email link to SAR information on the web but would like to make corrections with a paper SAR, he or she can have one mailed to them by calling the FSAIC at 1-800-4-FED-AID and providing his or her name, SSN, and date of birth.

Adding schools and changing a student’s address

As with other changes, a student can add schools or change his or her address, email address, or telephone number online or on a paper SAR. But he or she can also update these items over the phone by calling 1-800-433-3243 and providing their DRN. You can submit those changes for the student through FAA Access to CPS Online, although, as noted before, if your school was not listed on the student’s application, you will need his or her DRN to add your school.

The FAFSA has limited space for a student to list schools that will receive the application data: four schools can appear on the paper application, ten with either the online FAFSA, FAA Access, or EDExpress. If the student wants information sent to more schools, he or she can use any of the methods listed previously to replace some or all of the original schools, though the replaced schools will not receive an ISIR. For example, if the student originally listed 10 schools on the application and then replaced two schools with two new ones, those that were replaced would not receive an ISIR from this correction or any subsequent correction on which they did not appear.


Any required signatures, such as those on worksheets or on copies of tax returns, must be collected at the time of verification—they can’t be collected after the verification deadline for that award year.

For verification documentation, a school may collect an electronic signature for an applicant, parent, or spouse if the process includes an assurance of the identity of the person signing. This is often accomplished with a PIN or password that is assigned only after the identity of the person receiving the PIN or password has been authenticated (DOC-Q12 on the Q and A page).

Deadlines and Failure to Submit Documentation

You must require students selected for verification—either by your school or the Department—to submit the documentation by the date specified by your school (for Campus-Based and Direct Loans) or the Department (for Pell).

Campus-Based and Direct Loans

If a student doesn’t provide verification documentation within a reasonable time period that your school has established, you cannot

  • disburse more FSEOG funds,

  • employ or permit further FWS employment, or

  • originate or disburse any additional Direct Loans (subsidized, unsubsidized, or PLUS).

The student must repay any FSEOG funds he or she received that year.

If the student fails to complete verification within the time period established by your school and if you received any Direct Subsidized Loan funds for the student that you did not disburse, you must return some or all of those funds under the excess cash tolerance regulation [see 34 CFR 668.166(b) and Volume 4, Chapter 1].

34 CFR Pell Grants 668.60(c) 34 CFR Campus-Based/DL 668.60(b)

Notwithstanding this, if the student provides the documentation after your school’s deadline, you may, at your discretion, still provide aid if still within the Department’s overall verification deadlines.

Pell Grants

A student selected for verification may submit a valid SAR or a school can receive a valid ISIR after the Pell deadline but before the verification deadline published in the Federal Register. If a student does not provide the verification documentation or you do not receive the valid SAR or ISIR (if necessary) within this additional time, he or she forfeits their Pell Grant for the award year and must return any Pell money already received for that year.

34 CFR 668.60(c)(1)

Other considerations

The Department may determine not to process the FAFSA form of an applicant who has been requested to provide documentation until he or she does so or the Department decides there is no longer a need for it.

A Pell applicant selected for verification must complete the process by the deadline published in the Federal Register. The notice for 2020-2021 was published on July 14, 2020, and the deadline for that year is September 18, 2021, or 120 days after the last day of the student’s enrollment, whichever is earlier. When the notice for 2021–2022 is published, the corresponding deadline date is expected to be September 17, 2022. Campus- Based and Direct Loan applicants must complete verification by the same deadline or by an earlier one your aid office establishes.

Verification is complete when you have all the requested documentation and a valid ISIR or SAR (one on which all the information is accurate and complete). This includes any necessary corrections, which must be made by the Federal Register deadlines for submitting paper or electronic corrections.

Late disbursements

Generally a student ceases to be eligible for aid once he or she has finished the payment period and/or is no longer enrolled. However, the student may submit verification documentation and receive a late disbursement after that time if the Department processed a SAR or ISIR with an official EFC while he or she was still enrolled. For information on post- withdrawal disbursements, see Volume 5 and for more information on late disbursements, see Volume 4.

Verification status codes

When you disburse a Pell Grant, you must report the student’s verification status through the Common Origination and Disbursement System (COD) even if he or she wasn’t selected for verification.

V—You have verified the student. This includes students selected by the CPS and those your school chose to verify based on its own criteria.

W—The student was selected for verification by the CPS or your school, and you chose to pay a first disbursement of Pell without documentation (interim disbursement). This code must be updated once verification is complete, or COD will reduce the Pell Grant to zero. In July 2020, messages were sent to schools that still reported a “W” status code for 2019-2020 student records warning that disbursements made in these cases would be considered overawards and reduced to $0. Of course, some of these students might not yet have reached the verification deadline, in which case schools can resubmit their disbursement record. See the July 28, 2020 electronic announcement.

S—The CPS selected the student for verification, but you did not verify the student because he or she satisfied one of the exclusions de- scribed earlier in the chapter (except the post-enrollment exclusion; see “Blank” next).

Blank—Report a blank if you have not performed verification for other reasons, i.e., because neither the CPS nor your school selected the student or because the student was selected by the CPS after ceasing to be enrolled at your school and all (including late) disbursements were made. A blank also applies when you disbursed aid on an initial transaction not selected for verification, a later transaction is selected, and the student never completes verification.

Suggested Verification Text

As mentioned earlier, we are no longer providing the suggested text as part of the Application and Verification Guide. To review the suggested text for the 2021-2022 award year, please see the September 25, 2020 electronic announcement. The suggested text fulfills verification requirements, but schools do not have to use it, except as noted below. Instead, they may develop and use their own (or someone else’s) text, forms, documents, statements, and certifications that are specific to the items required to be verified for a particular student or group of students. However, schools must not put the seal of the Department of Education on any verification documents.

The one exception is that schools must use the exact language provided in the “Statement of Educational Purpose” for students who are placed in verification tracking groups V4 or V5. This does not include the accompanying notary’s certificate of acknowledgment; for that the school may use some other form, such as the one its state uses.

Last Modified: 07/29/2021 • Published: 03/28/2021